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The economics of mining truth about surface mining

  • Environmental Regulations The Truth About Mountaintop Mining

    Surface mining: A highly regulated process By Jason Bostic CHARLESTON -- Coal mining is one of the most heavily-regulated industrial activities that occurs anywhere in the world. Mining operations must obtain multiple permits from multiple state and federal regulatory agencies before coal extraction can begin. These permits cover everything from basic geologic principles that

  • Mining Industry - Introduction to Mining Financial Concepts

    The mining industry is involved in the extraction of precious minerals and other geological materials. The extracted materials are transformed into a mineralized form that serves an economic benefit to the prospector or miner. Typical activities in the mining industry include metals production, metals investing, and metals trading.

  • Pros and Cons of Mining - Pros an Cons

    Dec 08, 2018· Mining involves the extraction of valuable minerals from the earth surface. Mining can either be surface mining or sub-surface (underground) mining. Mining not only beneficial to the surrounding community and public in general, but it can also pose a lot of risks to the surrounding community. Lets look at the pros and cons of mining in an area.

  • Surface mining - Wikipedia

    Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed, in contrast to underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left in place, and the mineral is removed through shafts or tunnels.

  • Surface mining Britannica

    Surface mining, method of extracting minerals near the surface of the Earth. The three most common types of surface mining are open-pit mining, strip mining, and quarrying. See also mining and coal

  • Economic Impacts of Surface Mining on Drinking

    Nov 26, 2014· When wastes from mining operations are improperly managed, potable drinking water supplies can become contaminated and be harmful to residents living in communities close to surface mines. Environmental issues may impact human health

  • Surface Mining Flashcards Quizlet

    -ore bodies mined through open-pit mining are located at or near the surface (although the geometry of ore bodies varies from pit to pit; favours ore bodies: large scale) -production tonnages for open pits range from fewer than 15 000 t (metric tons)/yr in small iron ore operations to more than 360 Mt/yr in large porphyr copper operations such

  • Surface mining - Wikipedia

    Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed, in contrast to underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left in place, and the mineral is removed through shafts or tunnels.. Surface mining began in the mid-16th century [dubious

  • Surface Mining and Environmental Quality: An Economic

    severe difficulties for surface mining, which accounts for only 37 percent of its coal output.5 The expansion of surface mining * Alan Randall and Angelos Pagoulatos are, respectively, Associate Professor and Assistant Professor of Agricultural Economics at the University of Kentucky.

  • About Mining Department of Lands

    Jan 20, 2021· Mining in Idaho provides jobs and materials that are important to the economy. An important part of the modern mining industry is to demonstrate that successful reclamation to a productive post-mining land use will occur after the completion of mining.

  • The Economic Definition of Ore for - International Mining

    Mar 06, 2017· The Economic Definition of Ore for your new subscription to International Mining Project News Posted by John on 6th March 2017 We have three copies of Ken Lanes book The Economic Definition of Ore: Cutoff grades in theory and practice, one of which is in Spanish to be given to the first three new subscribers to International Mining Project News.

  • Mining - Surface mining Britannica

    Surface mining It has been estimated that more than two-thirds of the worlds yearly mineral production is extracted by surface mining. There are several types of surface mining, but the three most common are open-pit mining, strip mining, and quarrying.

  • Effective factors investigation in choice between surface

    Surface mining is generally considered to be more advantageous than underground in recovery, grade control, economics, flexibility, safety, and working environments.

  • What Are the Disadvantages of Mining?

    May 27, 2020· Air Pollution. L ead, arsenic, cadmium, and other harmful substance As are often exposed by mining and picked up by the wind, causing allergies and breathing problems in local people. Mining machinery uses fossil fuels and releases large amounts of carbon dioxide and other substances that contribute to global warming.

  • What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Surface Mining?

    Mar 25, 2020· Advantages of surface mining include economic and financial benefits for miners and communities and a safer alternative to pit mining, but its disadvantages include environmental impacts, such as erosion and contamination. Surface mining, also called strip mining, delivers economically vital supplies of coal, which powers transportation and

  • The Economic Problem of Coal Surface Mining

    surface mining is not really an "economic" problem, and that cri­ teria for action other than efficiency in the use of scarce resources (e.g., that it is "fair" or "equitable" that surface mining be con­


    In recent years, surface mining has been promoted in many mining countries because of the following reasons: Cost considerations, compared to underground mining- The cost of mining inputs has gone up drastically in the last two decades.

  • (PDF) Mining Methods: Part I-Surface mining

    Mining Methods, Surface mining Depend on wa ter or another liquid (e.g., dilute sulfuric acid, weak cyanide solution, or ammonium c arbonate) to e xtract the miner al.

  • TV:BIP Ratio Explained: The Economics of Oil Sands Mining

    Apr 30, 2016· The strip ratio (SR) is the simplest measure of mining efficiency. Defined as the weight of overburden (or waste ore) divided by the weight of oil sands ore, a strip ratio of 2 is considered high but feasible if the ore grade is high enough. A better measure of mining economics is the TV:BIP ratio.

  • Topic 5: Mining Methods-Part I-Surface mining

    Nov 02, 2011· Economic analysis In the broadest sense, economic analysis for a surface mine involves the determination of market value of the product and all the elements of cost of production. By subtraction, a margin of profit (or loss) can be calculated. Many new surface mines require very high capital investments.

  • Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia US EPA

    Surface coal mining methods in the steep terrain of the central Appalachian coalfields include mountaintop removal, contour, area and highwall mining. Coal mining operations are found in Kentucky, West ia, ia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Alabama and Tennessee.


    As geological and mining conditions become more complex and as overall mining economics become more marginal, short and long range decision making regarding multiple seam surface mining becomes more difficult. the decision making problem involves a study of economics, cut off grades and ratios, equipment capabilities, secuencing and selective mining practices.

  • Economic Surface Mining of Multiple Seams

    Economic Surface Mining of Multiple Seams By THOMAS V. FALKIE' :md WlLLIAM E. PORTERt SYNOPSIS A, Xeological and mining conditions become more complex, and as overall mining economics become more marginal, short-and long-range decision-making regarding muIliple-scam surface mining becomes more difficult.

  • Lecture notes Surface Mining And Design - Complete - StuDocu

    Variations in estimates will not significantly alter economic viability Ore Reserve Estimates - Orebody modelling and analysis provides the mining engineer with a resource estimate. - Resource estimates do not consider the mineability of the mineralization - The mining engineer needs to transform this resource estimate into a reserve estimate.

  • Lecture 1 The Concept of Surface Mining Economic Geology

    Surface Mining (The Concept of Surface Mining) Mnge 315. Dr. B. C. Paul Spring 2003 revisions 2010, 2011 These slides contain concepts considered by the Author to be common knowledge to those schooled in Surface Mining. Many of the ideas found in these slides can be found in any of numerous basic texts on Surface Mining. Profile of an Industry Basic Divisions of Mining Industry Coal

  • Why underground mines cost higher compared to surface coal

    Apr 28, 2014· Underground mining is generally more expensive than surface mining. Cash mining cost for higher-ranked coal at Appalachia Basins is much higher at

  • Minerals/Resource Use/Concervation Flashcards Quizlet

    Surface mining destroys all plant life in the area the mine occupies. Plants living in the area where the surface mine is to be located are removed. After the surface mine is no longer productive, plants may eventually return to the area, but typically some human efforts at reclamation are required to restore the environment to some level of

  • The dirty secret of electric vehicles World Economic Forum

    Apr 26, 2021· The World Economic Forum's Global Battery Alliance notes two major challenges: "First, raw materials needed for batteries are extracted at a high human and environmental toll. This includes, for example, child labour, health and safety hazards in informal work, poverty and pollution.

  • CDC - Mining - Economics of Safety at Surface Mine Spoil

    Short-dumping rather than edge-dumping might reduce dumping-related accidents, but many operators believe it is less cost effective. To evaluate this perception, NIOSH reviewed the costs of various dumping methods at waste and spoil piles.

  • The Truth About Lithium Mining: Its Bad But Quickly

    Dec 02, 2020· The Truth About Lithium Mining: Its Bad But Quickly Getting Better Published by Ian Matthews on December 2, 2020 December 2, 2020 We were writing an article dispelling the myth that electric vehicles actually produce more environmental damage than traditional internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles when we realized that the lithium story is

  • The Effects of Surface Mining Technology on the Economy of

    In general, modern mining companies all over the world have to face the same economic circumstances as any other part of the industry: considering the tough competition, production and haulage costs must be reduced permanently whereas productivity has to increase substantially in order to remain price-competitive. However, the imposed pressure also offers the chance for consideration of

  • The Economic Benefits and Costs of Frac-Sand Mining in

    Mining has rarely laid the basis for sustained prosperity. Often, as in Appalachia or the Ozarks or the Upper Peninsula of Michigan or the Iron Range of Minnesota, mining has been synonymous with economic depres- sion, high rates of unemployment and poverty, or simply ghost towns.

  • Environmental Problems of Surface and Underground Mining

    While mining yields economic materials f or use, sale or industrial production; it affects, harms and contributes to a disruption nature and appearance of the natural environment around it [2 4 ].

  • Economic Development of an Area Burdened by the Surface

    ongoing mining activity, and local industrial activities are to agreater or lesser extent connected with the mining, transport, combustion, or other processing of brown coal. The economic subjects are also focusing on smoothing over the consequences of anthropogenic activities connected with mining-reclamation, restoration, and resocialization .

  • 28 Major Pros & Cons Of Mining - E&C

    Mining will also not be sustainable in the long run. Most resources that are mined are non-renewable and will become depleted sooner or later. At one point in time, it will simply no longer be reasonable from an economic perspective to engage in mining and therefore, mining can be regarded as a short-term solution more than a long-term plan.

  • The Role of Mining in the South African Economy

    Conventional wisdom views the mining sector ofthe South African economy as its quintessence. As contributor to aggregate output, as foreign exchange earner for the economy, as employer, and as a generator of tax revenues mining has often been viewed as the locomotive of South Africas economic

  • Metal Mining and Alaska's Economy - groundtruthtrekking

    Alaskas entire mining industry produced $3.4 billion in 2013, about 6.5% of the Gross State Product. Mining (of all types) was the 5th largest industry in the state economy , after petroleum, government, fishing, and tourism/recreation. Alaskas present day metal mines bear little resemblance to

  • Why Surface Mine? The Truth About Mountaintop Mining

    Dec 05, 2009· The economics of mining Economics is a key consideration in mining, but it does not typically decide whether a coal seam is surface mined or deep mined;

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