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The effect of surface mining control

  • Public Law 95-87 - Office of Surface Mining Reclamation

    This is an unofficial compilation of P.L. 95-87, the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA), passed August 3, 1977. It includes all revisions to SMCRA through July 6, 2012.

  • Control of groundwater in surface mining SpringerLink

    The presence of groundwater in surface mining operations often creates serious problems. The most important is generally a reduction in stability of the pit slopes. This is caused by pore water pressures and hydrodynamic shock due to blasting which reduce the shear strength and seepage pressures, water in tension cracks and increased unit weight which increase the shear stress.

  • CONTROL Of DUST EMISSION AND IMPACTS fROM

    Despite these shortcomings, it is in the interests of mining companies, and a requirement of the new reality in the era of EMP, to devise dust control plans. Firstly, a rational dust control plan will allow cost­ effective allocation of resources within the atmospheric pollution budget of the operation.

  • Surface Subsidence Control Mechanism and Effect Evaluation

    Dec 24, 2018· Surface subsidence is primarily caused by underground mining. The most direct and effective method to control surface subsidence is to fill the gob area during underground mining. This section used the physical simulation method to analyze the subsidence control mechanism of gangue-backfilling mining. 2.1.

  • The Effects Of Surface Mining On The Environment - 905

    It is clearly stated in the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) that surface mining operations cause environmental and social damage by impairing natural beauty, by damaging the property of citizens, by creating hazards dangerous to life and property by degrading the quality of life in local communities (#6).

  • The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977

    Reclamation Act of 1977. The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 was the first comprehensive federal statute to regulate the surface impacts of coal mining on a national scale.

  • Impact of Mining on Ground and Surface Waters

    190 Karmakar & Das-Impact of Mining on Ground and Suface Waters Due to mining surface contours are raped, drainage system disrupted, natural profile and surface reliefs are rocked, and so on. One of the major effects of mining is its impact on ground and surface waters. This, along with other disturbances, make the ecosystem to meet

  • Surface Mining and Reclamation U.S. Department of the

    Jul 25, 2007· The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) of 1977: A 30th Anniversary Review July 25, 2007. Mr. Chairman and Members of the Committee, it is a great honor to appear before you today as a witness for the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSM) on the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) of 1977.

  • Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act - SourceWatch

    The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977(SMCRA) is the primary federal law that regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the United States. SMCRA created two programs: one for regulating active coal mines and a second for coal mine reclamationof abandoned mine lands.

  • Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act - Global Energy

    Apr 30, 2021· The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) is the primary federal law that regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the United States. SMCRA created two programs: one for regulating active coal mines and a second for coal mine reclamation of

  • The Environmental Impact of Mining (Different Mining

    May 27, 2020· Underground mining, where miners tunnel beneath the Earths surface to extract mineral deposits, is rarer than open-pit mining. In 2014, it made up about 5% of all American mining operations and has less of an impact on the surface. However, this doesnt mean that underground mining doesnt have an effect on the environment.

  • Prevention, control and/or extinguishment of coal seam

    Jul 12, 2004· The objective of prevention work is to avert coal fires associated with underground and surface coal mining before they get started and become a large problem. In underground mines where mining has been completed, Thermocell grout can be used during mine closure procedures to construct seals in critical entries and sources of air intake.

  • What EPA is Doing to Reduce the Adverse Impacts of Surface

    EPA research on surface coal mining examines the impacts of mining on headwater streams and other water resources near mining sites. This research lends scientific support to guidance documents for land managers to provide for mining flexibility while protecting the environment and public health. Learn more about EPA research on mountaintop mining

  • Coal and the environment - U.S. Energy Information

    Dec 01, 2020· Effects of coal mining. Surface mines (sometimes called strip mines) were the source of about 62% of the coal mined in the United States in 2019. These mining operations remove the soil and rock above coal deposits, or seams. The largest surface mines in the United States are in Wyoming's Powder River Basin, where coal deposits are close to the

  • Surface mining Britannica

    This process is called surface mining and was widely used as a method for extracting coal in the Ohio River valley and in England. This technique is also used for mining phosphate deposits, gypsum, gravel, limestone, copper, iron, and other minerals.

  • Science Chapter 16 Flashcards Quizlet

    sets standards to minimize the surface effects of coal mining on the environment. Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act. Nonmetallic minerals prized mainly for their beauty, rarity, or durability are called. gemstones. Minerals are made up of _____ that are

  • Preclusion under Primacy: The Effect of Prior State

    The enactment of the Federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA or the Act)' launched a new era in the regulation of surface coal mining and the surface effects of underground mining. SMCRA ended the era of exclusive state regulation, prompted in substantial part by the perceived failure

  • (PDF) safety in surface mining looking at the main hazards.

    Sep 30, 2016· a description of fly-rocks during surface blasting and their implications in and out of the mining perimeter [22]. +16 all the mitigating factors shown in order to reduce the impact of fly-rocks.

  • How the US Governments Deregulation of Mountaintop

    Dec 10, 2018· The Trump administration subsequently canceled a half-completed federally-funded study the National Academy of Sciences was conducting on the potential health effects of

  • Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act - Energy and

    May 26, 2016· If a surface coal mine operation is proposed near a park boundary and the NPS has reason to believe that the operation will adversely affect park resources, then the NPS becomes a joint permitting agency with the appropriate lead agency (Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE) or state agency).

  • Highwall Hazard Awareness and Risk Assessment

    Fall of Highwall Surface Mine ia Fairbanks Coal Company Inc Fairbanks No. 4 COAL MINE FATALITY - On Wednesday, December 7, 2011, at approximately 7:30 a.m., a 49-year-old excavator operator, with 20 years of mining experience, was fatally injured when a

  • How to Control Pollution in Mining Industry?

    The overall control can be effected with the supplementation of water treatment scheme as described above. How to Control Air Pollution in Mining Industry: Particulates, SO 2 NO x, CO and hydrocarbon emissions are considered major air pollutants in mining areas. Out of these, particulates are a major hazard and mining authorities are giving

  • Why Trump just killed a rule restricting coal companies

    Feb 02, 2017· The 1977 Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act says that mining companies should not cause "material damage to the environment to the extent that it

  • What are environmental regulations on mining activities

    CWA-based regulations cover such mining-related situations as the disposal of mining-related waters, the pumping or draining of mine water to the surface, storm water runoff in mining operation areas, and control of seeps from mine tailings impoundments. Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)

  • Impact of Mining on Ground and Surface Waters

    190 Karmakar & Das-Impact of Mining on Ground and Suface Waters Due to mining surface contours are raped, drainage system disrupted, natural profile and surface reliefs are rocked, and so on. One of the major effects of mining is its impact on ground and surface waters. This, along with other disturbances, make the ecosystem to meet

  • Surface mining planning and design of open pit mining

    Jan 09, 2016· Surface mining planning and design of open pit mining 1. This material is intended for use in lectures, presentations and as handouts to students, and is provided in Power point format so as to allow customization for the individual needs of course instructors. Permission of the author and publisher is required for any other usage.

  • Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act - Energy and

    May 26, 2016· The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) prohibits surface coal mining within the boundaries of any unit of the National Park System.

  • STABILITY EFFECTS AND FAILURES FROM EXTENSIVE METAL

    Mining on the lower levels was done by cut-and-fill using sandy gravel backfill. From 150 or 180 m to near-surface, mining was carried out using shrinkage stoping where after the ore was broken and removed, some stopes were filled back with gravel through openings on surface. The

  • [USC02] 30 USC CHAPTER 25, SUBCHAPTER V: CONTROL OF THE

    SUBCHAPTER VCONTROL OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF SURFACE COAL MINING §1251. Environmental protection standards (a) Not later than the end of the ninety-day period immediately following August 3, 1977, the Secretary shall promulgate and publish in the Federal Register regulations covering an interim regulatory procedure for surface coal mining and reclamation operations setting mining

  • Mining Operation: Types, Impacts and Remedial Measures

    Mining Operation: Types, Impacts and Remedial Measures! Mining is the process of taking mineral and other substances from the earth. These substances include metal compounds, non-minerals such as coal, sand, oil and natural gas and many other useful things.

  • How Mining Companies are Reducing the Environmental Impact

    Green mining doesnt apply exclusively to the mining process itself. It applies to what happens both before and afterwards. To do the best environmentally, companies must monitor their environmental impact at every stage. Water Pollution. Mines near water can cause the surface

  • 30 CFR § 816.67 - Use of explosives: Control of adverse

    § 816.67 Use of explosives: Control of adverse effects. (a) General requirements. Blasting shall be conducted to prevent injury to persons, damage to public or private property outside the permit area , adverse impacts on any underground mine, and change in the course, channel, or availability of surface or ground water outside the permit area .

  • Prevention, control and/or extinguishment of coal seam

    Jul 12, 2004· The objective of prevention work is to avert coal fires associated with underground and surface coal mining before they get started and become a large problem. In underground mines where mining has been completed, Thermocell grout can be used during mine closure procedures to construct seals in critical entries and sources of air intake.

  • Cookie Lab - ChasesEportfolio

    Apr 21, 2014· 4. Outline the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act. -The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) is the primary federal law that regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the United States. SMCRA created two programs: one for regulating active coal mines and a second for reclaiming abandoned mine lands.

  • (PDF) Impact of Mining Activity on Water Resource : An

    Perhaps the most significant impact of a mining is, its effects on water resources. The impact of mining on surface and groundwater is due to spill/tailing, erosion, sedimentation, acid mine

  • Surface mining - Wikipedia

    Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed, in contrast to underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left in place, and the mineral is removed through shafts or tunnels.. Surface mining began in the mid-16th century [dubious

  • Abstract: The Effect of Surface Topography on the

    The Effect of Surface Topography on the Stability of Coal Mine Openings. MOLINDA, GREGORY M., U.S. Bureau of Mines, Pittsburgh, PA. Coal mine roof quality has long been observed to appeared to deteriorate when mining progressed beneath surface valleys.

  • Causes, Effects and Solutions for Mining - E&C

    There are several adverse effects of mining on animals. Since for the mining process, large areas of land have to be used, many animals will lose their natural habitat. This may force these animals to move.

  • Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 Law and

    Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 Law and Legal Definition The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) is the primary federal law that regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the U.S.


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